For the past 10 years, the private initiative has invested more in the Brazilian railway system than the Federal, State or municipal governments altogether (public initiative). With the prospect of a World Cup (2014), Olympic Games (2016) and lots of investments in the energy sector, Federal and State governments are willing to play a more decisive role on this area.
According to a survey recently disclosed by the Ipea – Institute of Applied Economic Research (www.ipea.gov.br), while private capital injections have grown steadily during this period, State investments have faltered. In 1999, public initiative counted only R$ 20.9 million in railways while private initiative channeled R$ 232.8 million. Public initiative’s peak occurred in 2007 with R$ 352 million when, at the same year, private initiative have soared and exceeded R$ 1 billion in 2004. In 2008 private initiative came to R$ 4.3 billion (led in Brazil by mining company Vale, steel company CSN, and logistics company ALL) and State’s investments downsized to R$ 237 million.
As public investments have not changed significantly during the last decade, railway works and network expansion have primarily counted on the funds raised by private concessionaires. The overwhelming presence of highway transportation has caused the railway system to account for only 30% of total transports in volume terms in 2008, as compared to more than 50% in other countries. This is one of the Brazilian infrastructure bottlenecks that impair long-term investments, since it is difficult to make country’s agricultural output flow smoothly.
The Brazilian railway network comprises 12 railways for cargo transportation stretching along circa 28 thousand km. Between 1999 and 2008, the cargo volume carried soared 79.6%, with emphasis on iron ore, pit coal, soybean, corn, sugar, and others. These products are primarily carried through the Vitória-Minas and Carajás railways, and by MRS Logística (controlled by Vale and CSN). For the sake of comparison, thanks to hefty public investments, China can already count on a railway network that stretches along 86 thousand km, and is planning to expand it to 125 thousand km in the next few years.
Ipea estimates that 141 new infrastructure railroad projects would be required to improve efficiency and competitiveness in this industry. Such priority works comprise, among others, the Transnordestina network linking the Brazilian ports of Pecém (CE) and Suape (PE); the North-South railway extension up to the Brazilian port of Rio Grande (RS); and the additional route along this same network to the interior region of São Paulo. Current Brazilian network could be expanded to at least 40 thousand km by 2020. At least R$ 40 billion (around US$ 22 billion) would have to be invested in these projects in the next 10 years.
Basic notes on some of the major projects to come:
1) North-South Railway (EF 151)
1st Parcel – 50% of the winning Auction bid, at the time of financial settlement, upon the signature of the Sub concession Contract and the delivery of the railroad section defined as: Palmas (TO) – Anápolis (GO), scheduled for December 2010.
2nd Parcel – 25% of the winning Auction bid, upon the delivery of the railroad section defined as: the Ouro Verde de Goias (GO) – Rio Verde (GO), scheduled for July 2011.
3rd installment – 25% of the winning Auction bid, upon the delivery of the railroad section defined as: Rio Verde (GO) – Estrela D’Oeste (SP), scheduled for December 2011.
2) West-East Integration Railway (EF 334)
1st Parcel – 40% of the winning Auction bid of financial settlement, upon the signature of the Sub concession Contract and the delivery of the railroad section defined as: Ilhéus (BA) – Caetité (BA), scheduled for July of 2012.
2nd Parcel – 30% of the winning Auction bid, upon the delivery of the railroad section defined as: Caetité (BA) – Correntina / Barriers (BA), scheduled for December 2012.
3rd Parcel – 30% of the winning Auction bid, upon the delivery of the railroad section defined as: Figueirópolis (TO) – Correntina / Barreiras (BA), scheduled for July 2013
Procurement conditions for participation in the railroad projects:
• Acquisition of the Bidding Documents (www.valec.gov.br)
• The participation of individual Brazilian and Foreign Companies is permitted
• The participation of consortiums between Brazilian and / or Foreign Companies in one Consortium is also permitted
• The presentation of a commitment to form a consortium indicating the participation of each member of the consortium and the leader
• The members of the Consortium will reply jointly and individually for all the actions taken with joint responsibility
• The Consortium can not alter its composition without the prior consent of VALEC (VALEC – Engenharia, Construções e Ferrovias S.A., a public company supervised by the ANTT – National Transport Agency and which has the concession for the North South Railway and the West-East Integration Railway)
• Competence in Public Administration
• Unconditional Acceptance of the Conditions in the Procurement Documents