Acronyms abound in the wide world of project delivery methods – D&C, DCM, ECI, EPC, EPCM. The list goes on. Even for those of us out there who speak the ‘lingo’, it can get quite confusing. Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) and Engineering, Procurement and Construction Management (EPCM) contracts are two project delivery methods commonly…

In Part 1 of this two part subcontracting series, we detailed some tips and traps with respect to subcontracting, and considered the criticality of successful subcontractor performance to the timely and on budget delivery of projects. In Part 2 below, we examine the risks of pro-forma subcontracts and back-to-back drafting and briefly touch on the benefits of bespoke drafted subcontracts.

Since Adam Smith first set his mind to the efficiency of the pin factory in 1776, specialisation and division of labour has underpinned industrial development. The construction industry has embraced specialisation and division of labour to such a degree that almost every construction project, no matter how large or small, is delivered in practice by a large number of separate parties, each with a narrow field of expertise and each with a commercial and practical imperative to maximise the efficiency within their field of expertise.

Without doubt, technology has helped develop a truly global legal community, and lawyers today routinely work with clients around the world. It is natural, therefore, that parties in contract negotiations would rely on technology to find changes in the document being negotiated, particularly where proposing amendments and developing clauses. In the past, we would rely…

When an Owner comes after the Contractor for liquidated delay damages (LDs) after a project is completed late, the Contractor’s only substantive defense is to argue that the delay was excused by force majeure or Owner actions (naturally there may be procedural defenses, like timeliness). However, a recent decision by the United States Court of…

On July 13th 2010 Brazilian Federal Government launched bidding documents regarding the concession regime and procedures for implementation and operation of the High-Speed Rail (TAV – Trem de Alta Velocidade) that will connect the cities of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Campinas. The project specifies that the construction, operation, and maintenance will be granted to the consortium that provides the lowest fare for service. The final schedule calls for the railway to be completed by 2017, although the Brazilian Federal Government anticipates the line will be partially open before the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. TAV is worth US 20 billion.

Under both the contractual process and subsequent formal dispute resolution proceedings, contemporary records form a critical part of the evidence to be utilised in evaluating the contractual entitlement. The importance of good record keeping – by both contractors and employer’s agents or engineers—cannot be overstated.